Gounod, Charles

(1818-1893)
   composer
   Born in Paris, Charles Gounod was a student of jacques halévy and other noted artists at the Conservatoire and, in 1839, won the prix de Rome, which allowed him to study in Italy. There, he was inspired by Palestrina and, when he went to Germany, Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Robert Schumann. At first drawn to sacred music (Te Deum; Requiem), as an organist and chapel master, he considered joining the priesthood. But when his first opera, Sapho (1851), was produced, Gounod decided to devote himself to musical composition. While some works (Le Médicin malgré lui, 1858) had only moderate success, with Faust (1859) he gained much notoriety. other works also brought him immediate renown (Mireille, 1864; Roméo et Juliette, 1867), but the poor reception given his last opera (Le Tribut de Zamora, 1881), led him to dedicate his later years to religious music (Rédemption, 1882; Mors et Vitae, 1885; Requiem, 1893). Gounod is also the author of two symphonies, 13 masses, motets, canticles, melodies, and choir pieces, as well as works for piano and organ. As a stylist, melodist, and lyricist, he influenced georges bizet, césar franck, henri duparc, gabriel fauré, and claude debussy. A contemporary of Richard Wagner, Gounod escaped Wagner's ascendancy and found his own unique expressiveness, and his operas are some of the essential contributions of French music and lyric art.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gounod, Charles — ▪ French composer in full  Charles françois Gounod   born June 17, 1818, Paris, France died Oct. 18, 1893, Saint Cloud, near Paris       French composer noted particularly for his operas, of which the most famous is Faust.       Gounod s father… …   Universalium

  • Gounod, Charles — ► (1818 93) Compositor francés. En 1839 obtuvo el premio Roma por su cantata Fernand. El éxito le llegó con Fausto. Después compuso las siguientes óperas: Philemon et Baucis, La reina de Saba, Romeo y Julieta, El tributo de Zamora, etc., aunque… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gounod, Charles — (18 June 1818, Paris–18 October 1893, St. Cloud)    Opera composer who also contributed 16 masses, over 50 motets, four oratorios, three sacred cantatas, and many other sacred songs. His earliest and latest masses attempt a sacred semantic… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Gounod, Charles-François — • An article focusing especially on his religious compositions and the effect of his beliefs on his compositions Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gounod, Charles François — Gou·nod (go͞oʹnō, go͞o nōʹ), Charles François. 1818 1893. French composer particularly noted for his ecclesiastical music and the operas Faust (1859) and Romeo and Juliet (1867). * * * …   Universalium

  • Gounod, Charles (François) — born June 17, 1818, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 18, 1893, Saint Cloud, near Paris French composer. He studied music at the Paris Conservatory and in Rome. He also studied for the priesthood and worked as an organist, and he remained torn between the… …   Universalium

  • Gounod, Charles (François) — (17 jun. 1818, París, Francia–18 oct. 1893, Saint Cloud, cerca de París). Compositor francés. Estudió música en el conservatorio de París y en Roma. Fue seminarista y trabajó como organista, reflejo de su dilema entre el teatro y la Iglesia. Su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GOUNOD, CHARLES FRANÇOIS —    an eminent French composer, born at Paris; a prize gained at the Paris Conservatoire followed by a government pension enabled him to continue his studies at Rome, where he gave himself chiefly to the study of religious music; the Messe… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gounod — Gounod, Charles …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Gounod — Charles François Gounod (French pronunciation: [ʃaʁl fʁɑ̃swa guno]) (17 June 1818 – 17 October[1][2] or 18 October …   Wikipedia

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